Abstract




 
   

IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 17, No. 2 (July 2004) 105-120   

downloaded Downloaded: 69   viewed Viewed: 1840

  PERFORMANCE OF BIOLOGICAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PROCESS FROM SYNTHESIS GAS, MASS TRANSFER IN BATCH AND CONTINUOUS BIOREACTORS
 
Ghasem Najafpour, Ku Syahidah Ku Ismail, Habibollah Younesi
Abdul Rahman Mohamed and Azlina Harun @ Kamaruddin


School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Seri Ampangan, Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, 14300 Penang, Malaysia
chghasem@eng.usm.my
 
 
( Received: March 09, 2004 – Accepted: August 10, 2004 )
 
 

Abstract    Biological hydrogen production by anaerobic bacterium, Rhodospirillum rubrum was studied in batch and continuous bioreactors using synthesis gas (CO) as substrate. The systems were operated at ambient temperature and pressure. Correlations available in the literature were used to estimate the gas-liquid mass transfer coefficients (KLa) in batch reactor. Based on experimental results for the continuous reactor, new correlation was generated. The results showed that the agitation, gas flow rate and dilution rate were greatly influenced the hydrogen production as well as on KLa. It was found that the KLa of continuous bioreactor was 180 times higher than the mass transfer coefficient reported in batch reactor. It can be considered that the estimation of KLa for the continuous bioreactor may be successful for the large-scale biological hydrogen production.

 

Keywords    Biological Hydrogen, Bioconversion, Fermentation, Mass Transfer Coefficient, Synthesis Gas

 

References   

 
1. Kim, H. Y., “A Low Cost Production of Hydrogen from Carbonaceous Wastes”, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, Article In Press, (2003).

2. Espinoza, R. L., Steynberg, A. P., Jager, B. and Vosloo, A. C., “Low Temperature Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis from a Sasol Perspective”, Applied Catalysis, 186, (1999), 13-26.

3. Steynberg, A. P., Espinoza, R. L., Jager, B. and Vosloo, A. C., “High Temperature Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis in Commercial Practice. Applied Catalysis”, 186, (1999), 41-54.

4. Zhu, H., Ueda, S., Asada, Y. and Miyake, J., “Hydrogen Production as a Novel Process of Wastewater Treatment– Studies on Tofu Wastewater with Entrapped R. Sphaeroides and Mutagenesis”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 27, (2002), 1349-1357.

5. Eroglu, E., Gunduz, U., Yucel, M., Turker, L. and Eroglu, I., “Photo Biological Hydrogen Production by Using Olive Mill Wastewater as a Sole Substrate Source”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, (2003), Article in Press.

6. Koku, H., Eroglu, I., Gunduz, U., Yucel, M. and Turker,L., “Kinetics of Biological Hydrogen Production by the Photosynthetic Bacterium, Rhodobacter Sphaeroides O. U. 001”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 28, (2003), 381-388.

7. Klasson, K. T., Ackerson, M. D., Clausen, E. C. and Gaddy, J. L., “Bioconversion of Synthesis Gas Into Liquid or Gaseous Fuels”, Enzyme Microb. Technology, 14, (1992), 602-608.

8. Maness, P. C. and Weaver, P. F., “Hydrogen Production from a Carbon-Monoxide Oxidation Pathway in Rubrivivax gelatinosus”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 27, (2002) 1407-1411.

9. Jung, G. Y., Kim, J. R., Jung, H. O., Park, J. Y. and Park, S., “A New Chemoheterotrophic Bacterium Catalyzing Water-Gas Shift Reaction”, Biotechnology Letters, 21, (1999), 869-873.

10. Sipma, J., Lens, P. N. L., Stams, A. J. M. and Lettinga,G., “Carbon Monoxide Conversion by Anaerobic Bioreactor Sludges”, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 44, (2003) 271-277.

11. Cowger, J. P., Klasson, K. T., Ackerson, M. D., Clausen,E. C. and Gaddy, J. L., “Mass Transfer and Kinetic Aspects in Continuous Bioreactors Using Rhodospirillum rubrum”, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 34/35, (1992), 613-624.

12. Klasson, K. T., Lundback, K. M. O., Clausen, E. C. and Gaddy, J. L., “Kinetics of Light Limited Growth and Biological Hydrogen Production from Carbon Monoxide and Water by Rhodospirillum rubrum”, Journal of Biotechnology, 29 (1993), 177-188. 

13. Phillips, J. R., Clausen, E. C. and Gaddy, J. L, “Synthesis Gas as Substrate for the Biological Production of Fuels and Chemicals”, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 45/46, (1994), 145-157.

14. Najafpour, G. D., Basu, R., Clausen, E. C. and Gaddy, J. L., “Bioreactor Scale-Up for Water-Gas Shift Reaction” International Journal of Engineering, 9 (3), (1996), 121-129.

15. Najafpour, G. D., Basu, R., Clausen, E. C. and Gaddy, J.L, “Water-Gas Shift Reaction for Synthesis Gas”, A Biological Route. International Journal of Engineering, 6 (1a), (1995), 39-49.

16. McKendry, P., “Energy Production from Biomass (Part 2)”, Conversion Technologies, Bioresource Technology, 83, (2002), 47-54.

17. Vega, J. L., Clausen, E. C. and Gaddy, J. L., “Study of Gaseous Substrate Fermentations: Carbon Monoxide Conversion to Acetate, 1. Batch Culture”, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 34, (1989), 774-784.

18. Levenspiel, O., “Chemical Reaction Engineering”, 3rd Ed. New York, John Wiley, (1999).

19. Arjunwadkar, S. J., Sarvanan, K., Kulkarni, P. R. and Pandit, A. B., “Gas-Liquid Mass Transfer in Dual Impeller Bioreactor”, Biochemical Engineering Journal, 1, (1998), 99-106.

20. Contreras, A., Garcia, F., Molina, E. and Merchuk, J. C., “Influence of Sparger on Energy Dissipation, Shear Rate and Mass Transfer to Sea Water in a Concentric-Tube Airlift Bioreactor”, Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 25, (1999), 820-830.

21. Shukla, V. B, Veera, U. P., Kulkarni, P. R. and Pandit, A. B., “Scale-up of Biotransformation Process in Stirred Tank Reactor Using Dual Impeller Bioreactor”, Biochemical Engineering Journal, 8, (2001), 19-29.





International Journal of Engineering
E-mail: office@ije.ir
Web Site: http://www.ije.ir