IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 22, No. 2 (August 2009) 179-184   

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M.R. Vaezi*

Materials and Energy Research Center
P.O. Box 31787-316, Karaj, Iran

S.K. Sadrnezhaad

Center of Excellence for Production of Advanced Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9466, Tehran, Iran
Materials and Energy Research Center, P.O. Box 14155-4777, Tehran, Iran

* Corresponding Author
( Received: February 19, 2008 – Accepted in Revised Form: July 02, 2009 )

Abstract    Zinc oxide thin films were deposited on soda-lime glass substrates from an aqueous zinccontaining complex by two-stage chemical deposition (TSCD) method. Longmuir adsorption model showed that the adsorption of atoms on the surface of the substrate was typically physical. The relation between the fractional coverage, θ, with the equilibrium constant of the adsorption reaction was nonlinear indicating that the adsorption was non-ideal. The percentage of porosity, 1-θ, of the thin layer was determined as a function of Zn2+ concentration of the solution. By application of XRD technique, it was shown that pure crystalline ZnO of controllable thickness could be deposited by TSCD method on the surface of the substrate. The procedure consisted of immersion into (a) cold Zn2+ complex containing solution and (b) hot water at 90, 95 and 98°C.


Keywords    Zinc Oxide, Langmuir Adsorption, Physisorption, Immersion, TSCD



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