IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 27, No. 8 (August 2014) 1251-1258   

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A. Rostamzadeh, K. Jafarpur, E. Goshtasbirad and M. M. Doroodmand
( Received: December 23, 2013 – Accepted: April 17, 2014 )

Abstract    An experimental investigation was carried out to study mixed convection heat transfer from Al2O3-water nanofluid inside a vertical, W-shaped, copper-tube with uniform wall temperature. The tests covered different ranges of some involved parameters including Reynolds number, temperature and particles volume fraction. The results showed that the rate of heat transfer coefficient improved with Reynolds number for average wall temperatures of 50 and 60 centigrade degree. Additionally, the heat transfer coefficient increased slightly with an increase of the Reynolds number. Interestingly, the pressure drop of nanofluid was very close to that of base fluid. Besides, a new correlation was proposed to calculate the Nusselt number in W-shaped tubes.


Keywords    nanofluid, mixed convection, alumina nanoparticles, heat transfer


چکیده    در این مطالعه انتقال حرارت جابجایی نانو سیال آلومینا، درون یک لوله مسی عمودی و W شکل با شرط مرزی دمای دیوار ثابت مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است . آزمایشات انجام شده محدوده ای از پارامترها نظیر عدد رینولدز، دما و غلظت نانو ذرات را در بر می گیرد. نتایج نشان دهنده بهبود نرخ ضریب انتقال حرارت با عدد رینولدز در دمای متوسط دیواره 50 و 60 درجه سانتیگراد است. علاوه بر آن نرخ انتقال حرارت با افزایش عدد رینولدز اندکی افزایش می یابد. همچنین افت فشار نانو سیال بسیار نزدیک به سیال پایه است و در نهایت رابطه ای برای محاسبه عدد ناسلت درون لوله W شکل پیشنهاد شده است.



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