IJE TRANSACTIONS C: Aspects Vol. 28, No. 3 (March 2015) 387-395   

downloaded Downloaded: 263   viewed Viewed: 2562

E. Mirzaei, Y. Minatour, H. Bonakdari and A. A. Javadi
( Received: February 05, 2014 – Accepted: November 13, 2014 )

Abstract    Cargo terminals are the gateways for entrance of commodities into the transportation network. Therefore, locating them in optimal location could have a major impact on the cost effectiveness and efficiency of transport, traffic safety and reduction in environmental pollutions. Due to the presence of a large number of parameters involved and the existing uncertainties, decision making in this field is a complex task. If the decision makers cannot reach an agreement on the method of defining linguistic variables based on the fuzzy sets, favorable results and more accurate modeling can be achieved by using the interval-valued fuzzy sets (IVFSs), which provide an additional degree of freedom to represent the uncertainty and fuzziness in the real world. This study presents a group fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP) based on IVFSs (IVF-AHP), and its application to find the optimal location for the Ghaen (Qayenat) cargo terminal in Ghaen City, Iran. The results show that the proposed method is a reliable method in selecting the optimal location for cargo terminals.


Keywords    Cargo Terminal, Fuzzy AHP, Ghaen (Qayenat) City, Interval-valued fuzzy sets, Group decision making.


چکیده    پایانه ها دروازه برای ورود کالاها به شبکه حمل و نقل می باشد. بنابراین، موقعیت آنها در محل مناسب، می تواند تأثیر عمده ای بر اثربخشی هزینه و بهره وری از شبکه حمل و نقل، ایمنی ترافیک و کاهش آلودگی های زیست محیطی داشته باشند. با توجه به تاثیر تعداد زیادی از عوامل و عدم قطعیت های موجود، تصمیم گیری در این زمینه یک کار پیچیده است. اگر تصمیم گیرندگان نمی تواند به توافق در مورد روش تعریف متغیرهای موثر بر اساس مجموعه های فازی برسند، نتایج مطلوب و مدل سازی دقیقتر، می تواند با استفاده از مجموعه فازی با ارزش بازه (IVFSs)، که ارائه دهنده یک درجه اضافی از آزادی عدم اطمینان و فازی در جهان واقعی است، بدست آید. این مطالعه یک فرآیند گروه تحلیلی فازی سلسله مراتبی (AHP) بر اساس IVFSs (IVF-AHP)، و کاربرد آن را برای پیدا کردن محل بهینه پایانه حمل و نقل در شهر قائن، ایران را ارائه می کند. نتایج نشان می دهد که روش پیشنهادی یک روش قابل اعتماد در انتخاب محل مناسب برای حمل و نقل پایانه می باشد.



1.     Aryanejad, M. and Ghavampour, S., "Two stage multiple attribute decision making problem in iranian gas distribution systems", International Journal Of Engineering Transactions A,  Vol. 17, No., (2004), 135-144.

2.     Zegordi, S., Nik, E. and Nazari, A., "Power plant project risk assessment using a fuzzy-anp and fuzzy-topsis method", International Journal of Engineering-Transactions B: Applications,  Vol. 25, No. 2, (2012), 107.

3.     Benayoun, R., Roy, B. and Sussman, N., "Manual de reference du programme electre", Note de synthese et Formation,  Vol. 25, No., (1966).

4.     Roy, B., "Classement et choix en présence de points de vue multiples", RAIRO-Operations Research-Recherche Opérationnelle,  Vol. 2, No. V1, (1968), 57-75.

5.     Satty, T.L., The analytic hierarchy process., New York: McGraw-Hill New York. (1980)

6.     Yoon, K.P. and Hwang, C.-L., "Multiple attribute decision making: An introduction, Sage Publications,  Vol. 104,  (1995).

7.     Mousavi, S., Makoui, A., Raissi, S. and Mojtahedi, S., "A multi-criteria decision-making approach with interval numbers for evaluating project risk responses", International Journal of Engineering-Transactions B: Applications,  Vol. 25, No. 2, (2012), 121.

8.     Saaty, T.L., "Decision making with dependence and feedback: The analytic network process, RWS publications Pittsburgh,  Vol. 4922,  (1996).

9.     Opricovic, S., "Multicriteria optimization of civil engineering systems", Faculty of Civil Engineering, Belgrade,  Vol. 2, No. 1, (1998), 5-21.

10.   Opricovic, S. and Tzeng, G.H., "Multicriteria planning of postearthquake sustainable reconstruction", ComputerAided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering,  Vol. 17, No. 3, (2002), 211-220.

11.   Vahdani, B., Salimi, M. and Mousavi, S., "A new compromise decision-making model based on topsis and vikor for solving multi-objective large-scale programming problems with a block angular structure under uncertainty", International Journal of Engineering,  Vol. 27, No. 11, (2014).

12.   Saaty, T.L. and Vargas, L.G., "Models, methods, concepts & applications of the analytic hierarchy process, Springer Science & Business Media,  Vol. 175,  (2012).

13.   Zadeh, L.A., "Fuzzy sets", Information and Control,  Vol. 8, No. 3, (1965), 338-353.

14.   Van Laarhoven, P. and Pedrycz, W., "A fuzzy extension of saaty's priority theory", Fuzzy sets and Systems,  Vol. 11, No. 1, (1983), 199-227.

15.   Buckley, J.J., "Fuzzy hierarchical analysis", Fuzzy Sets And Systems,  Vol. 17, No. 3, (1985), 233-247.

16.   Chang, D.-Y., "Applications of the extent analysis method on fuzzy ahp", European Journal Of Operational Research,  Vol. 95, No. 3, (1996), 649-655.

17.   Cheng, C.-H., "Evaluating naval tactical missile systems by fuzzy ahp based on the grade value of membership function", European Journal of Operational Research,  Vol. 96, No. 2, (1997), 343-350.

18.   Deng, H., "Multicriteria analysis with fuzzy pairwise comparison", International Journal of Approximate Reasoning,  Vol. 21, No. 3, (1999), 215-231.

19.   Csutora, R. and Buckley, J.J., "Fuzzy hierarchical analysis: The lambda-max method", Fuzzy Sets and Systems,  Vol. 120, No. 2, (2001), 181-195.

20.   Wang, Y.-M. and Chin, K.-S., "An eigenvector method for generating normalized interval and fuzzy weights", Applied mathematics and computation,  Vol. 181, No. 2, (2006), 1257-1275.

21.   Lee, S.-H., "Using fuzzy ahp to develop intellectual capital evaluation model for assessing their performance contribution in a university", Expert Systems with Applications,  Vol. 37, No. 7, (2010), 4941-4947.

22.   Calabrese, A., Costa, R. and Menichini, T., "Using fuzzy ahp to manage intellectual capital assets: An application to the ict service industry", Expert Systems with Applications,  Vol. 40, No. 9, (2013), 3747-3755.

23.   Vahidnia, M.H., Alesheikh, A.A. and Alimohammadi, A., "Hospital site selection using fuzzy ahp and its derivatives", Journal of Environmental Management,  Vol. 90, No. 10, (2009), 3048-3056.

24.   Naghadehi, M.Z., Mikaeil, R. and Ataei, M., "The application of fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (fahp) approach to selection of optimum underground mining method for jajarm bauxite mine, iran", Expert Systems with Applications,  Vol. 36, No. 4, (2009), 8218-8226.

25.   Kilincci, O. and Onal, S.A., "Fuzzy ahp approach for supplier selection in a washing machine company", Expert systems with Applications,  Vol. 38, No. 8, (2011), 9656-9664.

26.   Anane, M., Bouziri, L., Limam, A. and Jellali, S., "Ranking suitable sites for irrigation with reclaimed water in the nabeul-hammamet region (tunisia) using gis and ahp-multicriteria decision analysis", Resources, Conservation and Recycling,  Vol. 65, (2012), 36-46.

27.   Turksen, I.B., "Interval valued fuzzy sets based on normal forms", Fuzzy Sets And Systems,  Vol. 20, No. 2, (1986), 191-210.

28.   Gorzałczany, M.B., "A method of inference in approximate reasoning based on interval-valued fuzzy sets", Fuzzy Sets And Systems,  Vol. 21, No. 1, (1987), 1-17.

International Journal of Engineering
E-mail: office@ije.ir
Web Site: http://www.ije.ir