Abstract




 
   

IJE TRANSACTIONS C: Aspects Vol. 28, No. 3 (March 2015) 447-453   

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  EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF EFFECTS OF ULTRASONIC WELDING ON WELD STRENGTH OF POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITE SAMPLES
 
R. Nikoi, M. M. Sheikhi and N. Bani Mostafa Arab
 
( Received: November 07, 2014 – Accepted: December 18, 2014 )
 
 

Abstract    In the present study, method of ultrasonic welding of plastics is used to join the overlap of Polypropylene composites reinforced with glass fiber. The effects of process parameters, including time, pressure, vibration amplitude and amount of glass in composite on strength of welds. To reduce the number of tests and cost, the effect of changing parameters on strength was examined through Box-Behnken test by considering four factors at three levels and parameters were optimized to obtain the highest level of strength. The results of present study showed that maximum failure force is about 2.30 KN, and it is observed when air pressure is 1.5 times more, and amplitude is close to more than 32 micron (more than average), length of welding is 0.4 second and amount of glass used is about 10 percent.

 

Keywords    Welding, Ultrasonic Weld, Polypropylene Composite, Surface Response Methodology, Weld Failure Force

 

چکیده    کامپوزيت‌های زمينه پليمری به علت وجود مزايای بسياری مانند مقاومت در برابر خوردگی، خواص مکانيکی مناسب و هزينه ساخت پايين بطور گسترده در صنايع مختلف و تکنولوژی مدرن بکار برده می‌شوند. جوشکاری التراسونیک يکی از روش‌های نوين جوشکاری حالت جامد است که در سال‌های اخير پيشرفت‌های قابل توجهی در آن صورت گرفته است. در اين تحقیق از اين نوع جوشکاری پيشرفته برای اتصال لبه رويهم کامپوزيت پلی‌پروپيلنی تقویت شده با الياف شيشه استفاده شده است. استحکام کشش- برش اتصالات در شرایط گوناگون ازجمله زمان ،فشار، دامنه ارتعاش ومقدار الیاف شیشه موجود درکامپوزیت ،مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. به منظور کاهش تعداد آزمايشات و هزينه، اثرتغییر پارامترها بر استحکام ، به کمک روش طراحی آزمایش RSM (Responce Surface Method) با درنظرگرفتن چهارفاکتورسه سطحی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتايج تحقيق نشان داد که زمان، دامنه و فشار به ترتيب بيشترين تاثير را بر استحکام جوش دارند ونیز مقدار الیاف شیشه تاثیر بسزایی براستحکام می­گذارد.

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