Abstract




 
   

IJE TRANSACTIONS C: Aspects Vol. 28, No. 6 (June 2015) 956-963    Article in Press

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  NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF CAVITATION IN MIXED FLOW PUMP
 
Y. Vazifeshenas, M. Farhadi, K. Sedighi and R. Shafaghat
 
( Received: April 23, 2014 – Accepted: June 11, 2015 )
 
 

Abstract    The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance and three-dimensional behavior of the flow in a mixed flow pump and the way cavitation phenomenon is affected by different parameters such as fluid temperature, pump speed and flow rate. Computational fluid dynamic software FLUENT 6.3 was utilized to simulate the whole flow field of the pump. RNG k-ε model combined with standard wall functions is chosen to deal with the turbulent feature of the problem. The studied pump has four blades mounted on a conical hub which form the rotary part and nine static vanes afterward as the stationary part. So the rotor-stator interaction was treated with a Multiple Reference Frame (MRF) technique. Different cases were analyzed for different flow rates and different pump speeds. While the flow rates variation and the pump revolution change cavitation occurrence widely, the temperature variations caused by weather changes during a year has little effect on cavitation. The cavitation region which is defined by the saturation pressure in that temperature was shown for various cases on a blade

 

Keywords    Mixed-flow pump, Multiple Reference Frame, Computational fluid dynamics, Cavitation

 

چکیده    هدف از این تحقیق ارزیابی عملکرد و رفتار سه بعدی جریان در یک پمپ جریان مختلط می باشد. همچنین چگونگی تاثیر پذیری پدیده کاویتاسیون از پارامترهای مختلف مانند دمای سیال، سرعت پمپ و نرخ جریان ورودی نیز مورد بررسی واقع می شود. برای شبیه سازی کل میدان جریان پمپ از نرم افزار دینامیک سیالات محاسباتی فلوئنت استفاده شده است. مدل توربولانسی RNG k-ε به همراه standard wall functions برای توجیه رفتار توربولانسی سیال بکار گرفته شده اند. پمپ مورد مطالعه شامل 4 پره که بر محور مخروطی سوار شده اند و بخش متحرک را تشکیل می دهند و 9 پره در پائین دست که نقش پره های ثابت را بازی می کنند، می شود. بنابراین برای شبیه سازی برهمکنش میان قسمت متحرک و ثابت از تکنیک چند چارچوب مرجع(MRF) استفاده شده است. حالت های مختلفی برای دبی جریان ورودی و سرعت پمپ مورد بررسی واقع شده است. نتایج نشان دادند در حالیکه دبی ورودی پمپ و دور پمپ تاثیر شایانی بر پدیده کاویتاسیون دارند، تغییرات دمایی که در فصول مختلف سال حاصل می شود تاثیر محسوسی بر چگونگی کاویتاسیون نداشته است. برای حالت های مختلف منطقه پیدایش کاویتاسیون روی پره بر اساس فشار اشباع آن دمای خاص نشان داده شده است.

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