Abstract




 
   

IJE TRANSACTIONS A: Basics Vol. 29, No. 1 (January 2016) 8-13    Article in Press

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  EARTHQUAKE EVALUATION OF THE NON STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS IN A THERMAL POWER PLANT
 
F. Nateghi-A., A. Rezaie Tabrizi and M. Khazaei Poul
 
( Received: November 22, 2015 – Accepted: January 20, 2016 )
 
 

Abstract    Non Structural elements such as mechanical, electrical and architectural elements always posses serious damage potentials during earthquakes. Degree of damage imposed by the non structural elements is not usually measured by the physical damages caused, but more so by the amount of the economical and functional disruptions created in a built environment. This phenomenon is enhanced where the functional performance criteria used for the specific site should be of higher standards, meaning for example the “immediate use” criteria. In order to account for this sort of possible interruptions and plan for the worst case scenario during an earthquake in a thermal power plant in Iran, a study was carried out to evaluate the seismic vulnerability status of non structural components of the main control building in this power plant. Level one and two assessment methods, namely; rapid and detailed evaluations were used. Three main documents considered for this evaluation were the MCEER and FEMA-310 and FEMA-356 recommendations. The method used and the results obtained which are classified into four hazard levels namely; very high, high, intermediate and low are to be presented in this paper.

 

Keywords    Earthquake, Evaluation, Nonstructural, Power plant, Equipment

 

چکیده    اقلام غير سازه‌ای در تأسیسات و سازه‌های نقش بسيار حياتي را در عملكرد آن‌ها ايفا می‌نمایند. با توجه به حساسيت اين اقلام و عملكرد موردنظر آن‌ها در زمان زلزله بخصوص زلزله‌های متوسط و شديد نياز مبرم براي ارزيابي عملكرد هر يك از اين اجزا موردنیاز می‌باشد. در اين پروژه براي تأسیسات حرارتي از روش‌های FEMA جهت ارزيابي عملكرد لرزه‌ای اقلام غير سازه‌ای استفاده شد و بر اساس مطالعات به اين روش‌ها جداول عملكردي هر يك از اقلام موردمطالعه ارزيابي و ارائه شد. جداول شامل چهار گزينه آسیب‌پذیری خيلي بالا، بالا، متوسط و كم می‌باشد كه در تزارهاي مختلف زلزله براي هر يك از اقلام نشان داده‌شده است روش‌های پيشنهادي عمومیت داشته و در خصوص اقلام غير سازه‌ای متفاوت در سازه‌ها و نیروگاه‌های مختلفت قابليت اجرا دارد

References   

1.        ACI 318-83, Building code requirements for structural concrete and commentary (ACI 318R-02), reported by ACI committee 318, (1983)

2.        AISC-ASD-89, Allowable stress design specification for structural steel buildings, American Institute of Steel Construction, Inc.(1989)

3.        FEMA-310, Handbook for seismic evaluation of existing buildings, Federal Emergency Management Agency, (2010)

4.        FEMA-356, Prestandard and commentary for the seismic rehabilitation of buildings, federal emergency management agency, (2010)

5.        MCEER-99-0008  Seismic reliability assessment of critical facilities, EQE international Inc.(2013)

6.        RezaeiTabrizi-Ali, Seismic vulnerability evaluation of main control buildings in Hamedan thermal power plant, final non-structural report, TAVANIR, Tehran, Iran, (2014)

7.        Standard No.2800  Iranian code of practice for seismic resistant design of buildings, Building and housing research center, Tehran, Iran, (2015)


 





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