Abstract




 
   

IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 29, No. 2 (February 2016) 160-169    Article Under Final Proof

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  REMOVAL OF STRONTIUM IONS BY SYNTHETIC NANO SODALITE ZEOLITE FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION
 
H. Esfandian, H. Fakhraee and A. Azizi
 
( Received: December 12, 2015 – Accepted: January 26, 2016 )
 
 

Abstract    In this research, the zeolite sodalite, as an inorganic ion exchange material, was chemically produced in the template-free synthesis and evaluated in order to facilitate the sorption of strontium ions from aqueous solutions in batch operations onto acid treated zeolite with dilute H2SO4 solutions. The following indicates what the batch experiments included: a sorbent amount of 0.25 g in 100 mL of strontium solution (50 mg/L), a contact time of 80 min, pH 6 and a 20 oC temperature. To study the kinetics of removal process, three equations, i.e. Morris–Weber, Lagergren (pseudo first order) and pseudo second order were used. The sorption data were applied to the Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubnin-Randkovich (D-R) and Temkin models in order to estimate the sorption capacity, intensity and energy. An evaluation of the thermodynamic parameters ΔH, ΔS and ΔG was done. It was found out from thermodynamic parameters that the sorption of strontium onto zeolite was feasible, spontaneous and endothermic under studied conditions.

 

Keywords    Strontium, Sodalite Zeolite, Kinetic, Isotherm, Thermodynamic

 

چکیده    در این تحقیق زئولیت سودالیت به عنوان یک تبادل کننده یونی معدنی با استفاده از یک روش شیمیایی و بدون استفاده از شکل دهنده سنتز شد و به منظور حذف یون استرانسیم از محلول آبی تحت یک فرایند ناپیوسته با استفاده از شستشوی زئولیت با محلول اسید سولفوریک مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. شرایط بدست امده در فرایند جذب ناپیوسته: 25/0 گرم جاذب در ml 100 از محلول استرانسیم ( ppm50)، زمان تماس 80 دقیقه، 6pH و دما 20 درجه سانتیگراد بوده است. برای مطالعه سینتیک فرآیند جذب سه معادله، موریس وبر، شبه مرتبه اول و شبه مرتبه دوم مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. داده های جذب با استفاده از ایزوترم های لانگمیر، فرندلیچ، تمکین و دابینین رادشکویچ مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. ترمودینامیک فرآیند جذب برای محاسبه ΔH ، ΔS و ΔG مورد بررسی قرار گرفت که نتایج نشان دهنده گرماگیر بودن فرآیند و خودبخودی بودن فرایند بوده است.

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