IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 29, No. 2 (February 2016) 160-169    Article Under Final Proof

downloaded Downloaded: 312   viewed Viewed: 2941

H. Esfandian, H. Fakhraee and A. Azizi
( Received: December 12, 2015 – Accepted: January 26, 2016 )

Abstract    In this research, the zeolite sodalite, as an inorganic ion exchange material, was chemically produced in the template-free synthesis and evaluated in order to facilitate the sorption of strontium ions from aqueous solutions in batch operations onto acid treated zeolite with dilute H2SO4 solutions. The following indicates what the batch experiments included: a sorbent amount of 0.25 g in 100 mL of strontium solution (50 mg/L), a contact time of 80 min, pH 6 and a 20 oC temperature. To study the kinetics of removal process, three equations, i.e. Morris–Weber, Lagergren (pseudo first order) and pseudo second order were used. The sorption data were applied to the Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubnin-Randkovich (D-R) and Temkin models in order to estimate the sorption capacity, intensity and energy. An evaluation of the thermodynamic parameters ΔH, ΔS and ΔG was done. It was found out from thermodynamic parameters that the sorption of strontium onto zeolite was feasible, spontaneous and endothermic under studied conditions.


Keywords    Strontium, Sodalite Zeolite, Kinetic, Isotherm, Thermodynamic


چکیده    در این تحقیق زئولیت سودالیت به عنوان یک تبادل کننده یونی معدنی با استفاده از یک روش شیمیایی و بدون استفاده از شکل دهنده سنتز شد و به منظور حذف یون استرانسیم از محلول آبی تحت یک فرایند ناپیوسته با استفاده از شستشوی زئولیت با محلول اسید سولفوریک مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. شرایط بدست امده در فرایند جذب ناپیوسته: 25/0 گرم جاذب در ml 100 از محلول استرانسیم ( ppm50)، زمان تماس 80 دقیقه، 6pH و دما 20 درجه سانتیگراد بوده است. برای مطالعه سینتیک فرآیند جذب سه معادله، موریس وبر، شبه مرتبه اول و شبه مرتبه دوم مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. داده های جذب با استفاده از ایزوترم های لانگمیر، فرندلیچ، تمکین و دابینین رادشکویچ مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. ترمودینامیک فرآیند جذب برای محاسبه ΔH ، ΔS و ΔG مورد بررسی قرار گرفت که نتایج نشان دهنده گرماگیر بودن فرآیند و خودبخودی بودن فرایند بوده است.


1.     Chakraborty, D., Maji, S., Bandyopadhyay, A., Basu, S., "Biosorption of cesium-137 and strontium-90 by mucilaginous seeds of Ocimum basilicum", Bioresource Technology, Vol. 98,(2007), 2949-2952.

2.     Chegrouche, S., Mellah, A., Barkat, M., "Removal of strontium from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto activated carbon: kinetic and thermodynamic studies", Desalination, Vol. 235,(2009), 306-318.

3.     Zhang, A., Wei, Y., Kumagai, M., "Synthesis of a novel silica-based macroporous polymeric adsorption material containing 4, 4′,(5′)-di (tert-butylcyclohexano)-18-crown-6 functional group and its adsorption mechanism for strontium", Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 61,(2004), 191-202.

4.     Grahek, Z., Macefat, M.R., "Determination of radioactive strontium in seawater", Analytica Chimica Acta, Vol. 534,(2005), 271-279.

5.     Moon, J.-K., Jung, C.-H., Lee, E.-H., Kim, H.-T., Shul, Y.-G., "Preparation of PAN-zeolite 4A composite ion exchanger and its uptake behavior for Sr and Cs ions in acid solution", Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 19,(2002), 838-842.

6.     Hassaninejad-Darzi, S.K., Rahimnejad, M., "Electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol by ZSM-5 nanozeolite-modified carbon paste electrode in alkaline medium", Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society, Vol. 11,(2014), 1047-1056.

7.     Li, L., Li, W., Sun, C., Li, L., "Fabrication of Carbon Paste Electrode Containing 1: 12 Phosphomolybdic Anions Encapsulated in Modified Mesoporous Molecular Sieve MCM41 and Its Electrochemistry", Electroanalysis, Vol. 14,(2002), 368-375.

8.     Felsche, J., Luger, S., Baerlocher, C., "Crystal structures of the hydro-sodalite Na6 [AlSiO4] 6 8H 2 O and of the anhydrous sodalite Na6 [AlSiO4] 6", Zeolites, Vol. 6,(1986), 367-372.

9.     Kalantari, N., Vaezi, M.J., Yadollahi, M., Babaluo, A.A., Bayati, B., Kazemzadeh, A., "Synthesis of nanostructure hydroxy sodalite composite membranes via hydrothermal method: support surface modification and synthesis method effects", Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 10,(2015), 45-55.

10.   Buhl, J.-C., Gesing, T.M., Rüscher, C., "Synthesis, crystal structure and thermal stability of tetrahydroborate sodalite Na8 [AlSiO4]6 (BH4)2", Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 80,(2005), 57-63.

11.   Ogura, M., Morozumi, K., Elangovan, S., Tanada, H., Ando, H., Okubo, T., "Potassium-doped sodalite: A tectoaluminosilicate for the catalytic material towards continuous combustion of carbonaceous matters", Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol. 77,(2008), 294-299.

12.   Sabriye, Y., Sema, E., "Adsorption characterization of strontium on PAN/zeolite composite adsorbent", World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, Vol. 2011, (2011).

13.   Ahmadi, S.J., Akbari, N., Shiri-Yekta, Z., Mashhadizadeh, M.H., Hosseinpour, M., "Removal of strontium ions from nuclear waste using synthesized MnO2-ZrO2 nano-composite by hydrothermal method in supercritical condition", Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 32, (2015), 478-485.

14.   Rao, S., Paul, B., Lal, K., Narasimhan, S., Ahmed, J., "Effective removal of cesium and strontium from radioactive wastes using chemical treatment followed by ultra filtration", Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 246,(2000), 413-418.

15.   Pecher, C., "Biological Investigations with Radioactive Calcium and Strontium", Experimental Biology and Medicine, Vol. 46,(1941), 86-91.

16.   Manos, M.J., Ding, N., Kanatzidis, M.G., "Layered metal sulfides: Exceptionally selective agents for radioactive strontium removal", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 105, (2008), 3696-3699.

17.   Azizi, S.N., Asemi, N., "Parameter optimization of the fungicide (Vapam) sorption onto soil modified with clinoptilolite by Taguchi method", Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B, Vol. 45, (2010), 766-773.

18.   Shukla, A., Zhang, Y.-H., Dubey, P., Margrave, J., Shukla, S.S., "The role of sawdust in the removal of unwanted materials from water", Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 95, (2002), 137-152.

19.   Aslan, S., Turkman, A., "Simultaneous biological removal of endosulfan (α+ β) and nitrates from drinking waters using wheat straw as substrate", Environment International, Vol. 30, (2004), 449-455.

20.   Yusan, S., Gok, C., Erenturk, S., Aytas, S., "Adsorptive removal of thorium (IV) using calcined and flux calcined diatomite from Turkey: evaluation of equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic data", Applied Clay Science, Vol. 67, (2012), 106-116.

21.   El-Kamash, A., "Evaluation of zeolite A for the sorptive removal of Cs+ and Sr 2+ ions from aqueous solutions using batch and fixed bed column operations", Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 151, (2008), 432-445.

22.   Mimura, H., Yokota, K., Akiba, K., Onodera, Y., "Alkali hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites from coal fly ash and their uptake properties of cesium ion", Journal of nuclear Science and Technology, Vol. 38, (2001), 766-772.

23.   Ouznadji, Z.B., Sahmoune, M.N., Mezenner, N.Y., "Adsorptive removal of diazinon: kinetic and equilibrium study", Desalination and Water Treatment, (2014), 1-10.

24.   Azizi, S.N., Samadi-Maybodi, A., Fatemi, M.H., Asemi, N., "Using Taguchi Experimental Design to Develop an Optimized Synthesis Procedure of Sodalite Prepared by Microwave and Ultrasonic Assisted Aging", Caspian Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 2, (2013), 1-7.

25.   Treacy, M.M., Higgins, J.B., Collection of Simulated XRD Powder Patterns for Zeolites Fifth (5th) Revised Edition, Elsevier, (2007).

26.   Arieli, D., Vaughan, D., Goldfarb, D., "New synthesis and insight into the structure of blue ultramarine pigments", Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 126, (2004), 5776-5788.

27.   Vadapalli, V.R., Gitari, W.M., Ellendt, A., Petrik, L.F., Balfour, G., "Synthesis of zeolite-P from coal fly ash derivative and its utilisation in mine-water remediation", South African Journal of Science, Vol. 106, (2010), 62-68.

28.   Ren, T.-Z., Yuan, Z.-Y., Su, B.-L., "Surfactant-assisted preparation of hollow microspheres of mesoporous TiO2", Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 374, (2003), 170-175.

29.   Schnabel, K.-H., Finger, G., Kornatowski, J., Löffler, E., Peuker, C., Pilz, W., "Decomposition of template in SAPO-5 and AlPO 4-5 molecular sieves studied by IR and Raman spectroscopy", Microporous Materials, Vol. 11, (1997), 293-302.

30.   Rao, G.P.C., Satyaveni, S., Ramesh, A., Seshaiah, K., Murthy, K., Choudary, N., "Sorption of cadmium and zinc from aqueous solutions by zeolite 4A, zeolite 13X and bentonite", Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 81, (2006), 265-272.

31.   Trgo, M., Perić, J., "Interaction of the zeolitic tuff with Zn-containing simulated pollutant solutions", Journal of Colloid and Interface science, Vol. 260, (2003), 166-175.

32.   Mondal, P., Mohanty, B., Majumder, C.B., "Removal of Arsenic from Simulated Groundwater Using GACCa in Batch Reactor: Kinetics and Equilibrium Studies", CLEAN–Soil, Air, Water, Vol. 40, (2012), 506-514.

33.   Esfandian, H., Javadian, H., Parvini, M., Khoshandam, B., Katal, R., "Batch and column removal of copper by modified brown algae sargassum bevanom from aqueous solution", Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 8, (2013), 665-678.

34.   Metcahf, E., Wastewater engineering: treatment and reuse, in, McGraw-Hill, (2003).

35.   Weber, W.J., Morris, J.C., "Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution", Journal of the Sanitary Engineering Division, Vol. 89, (1963), 31-60.

36.   Lagergren, S., "About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances", (1898).

37.   Ciesielczyk, F., Bartczak, P., Jesionowski, T., "A comprehensive study of Cd (II) ions removal utilizing high-surface-area binary Mg–Si hybrid oxide adsorbent", International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 1-14.

38.   Javadian, H., Ahmadi, M., Ghiasvand, M., Kahrizi, S., Katal, R., "Removal of Cr (VI) by modified brown algae Sargassum bevanom from aqueous solution and industrial wastewater", Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 44, (2013), 977-989.

39.   Limousin, G., Gaudet, J.-P., Charlet, L., Szenknect, S., Barthes, V., Krimissa, M., "Sorption isotherms: a review on physical bases, modeling and measurement", Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 22, (2007), 249-275.

40.   Langmuir, I., "The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum", Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 40, (1918), 1361-1403.

41.   Subramanyam, B., Das, A., "Linearized and non-linearized isotherm models comparative study on adsorption of aqueous phenol solution in soil", International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 6, (2009), 633-640.

42.   Esfandian, H., Jafari, M., Alizadeh, M., Rahmati, H.T., Katal, R., "Synthesis of polyaniline nanocomposite and its application for chromium removal from aqueous solution", Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology, Vol. 18, (2012), 250-260.

43.   Esfandian, H., Parvini, M., Khoshandam, B., Samadi-Maybodi, A., "Artificial neural network (ANN) technique for modeling the mercury adsorption from aqueous solution using Sargassum Bevanom algae", Desalination and Water Treatment, (2015), 1-14.

44.   Freundlich, H., "Of the adsorption of gases. Section II. Kinetics and energetics of gas adsorption. Introductory paper to section II", Transactions of the Faraday Society, Vol. 28, (1932), 195-201.

45.   Temkin, M., Pyzhev, V., "Recent modifications to Langmuir isotherms",(1940).

46.   Dubinin, M., Radushkevich, L., "Equation of the characteristic curve of activated charcoal", Chem. Zentr, Vol. 1, No. 1, (1947), 875-883.

47.   Ghazy, S., El-Asmy, A., El-Nokrashy, A., "Separation of chromium (III) and chromium (VI) from environmental water samples using eggshell sorbent", Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 1, (2008), 1-7.

48.   Goharshadi, E., Moghaddam, M., "Adsorption of hexavalent chromium ions from aqueous solution by graphene nanosheets: kinetic and thermodynamic studies", International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, (2004), 1-8.

49.   Naiya, T.K., Bhattacharya, A.K., Das, S.K., "Adsorption of Cd (II) and Pb (II) from aqueous solutions on activated alumina", Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 333, (2009), 14-26.

50.   Bhattacharya, A., Naiya, T., Mandal, S., Das, S., "Adsorption, kinetics and equilibrium studies on removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions using different low-cost adsorbents", Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 137, (2008), 529-541.

51.   Katal, R., Baei, M.S., Rahmati, H.T., Esfandian, H., "Kinetic, isotherm and thermodynamic study of nitrate adsorption from aqueous solution using modified rice husk", Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry,Vol. 1 , (2012), 295-302.

52.   Katal, R., Ghiass, M., Esfandian, H., "Application of nanometer size of polypyrrole as a suitable adsorbent for removal of Cr (VI)", Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology, Vol. 17, (2011), 222-230.

International Journal of Engineering
E-mail: office@ije.ir
Web Site: http://www.ije.ir