Abstract




 
   

IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 29, No. 2 (February 2016) 145-151    Article Under Final Proof

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  FORMIC ACID AND MICROWAVE ASSISTED EXTRACTION OF CURCUMIN FROM TURMERIC (CURCUMA LONGA L.)
 
S. Rezaei, G. D. Najafpour, M. Mohammadi, A. A. Moghadamnia and S. Kazemi
 
( Received: January 17, 2016 – Accepted: March 03, 2016 )
 
 

Abstract    Curcumin is a natural bioactive compound originated from the rhizomes of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). This study was performed to investigate formic acid and microwave assisted extraction of curcumin from turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). In order to enhance the curcumin extraction, different parameters such as particle size, effect of pretreatment with water, radiation intensity and type of solvent were investigated. For analysis of curcumin content, two methods were developed. Spectrophotometric methods at the stage of optimization and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for determination of the purity of curcumin were used. At particle size of 0.21mm and input power of 100W using acetone as organic solvent, the highest curcumin extraction yields were achieved. The results showed that water is a suitable modifier for the pretreatment of turmeric with microwave irradiation. For purification of curcumin in HPLC analysis, methanol and water were used as co-solvents. Maximum obtained curcumin purity was 82.4%.

 

Keywords    Acetone; Curcumin; Formic acid; Microwave; Turmeric

 

چکیده    کورکومین یک ماده طبیعی است که از ریزوم گیاه زردچوبه استخراج می­شود. این مطالعه جهت بررسی استخراج کورکومین از ریزوم زردچوبه با کمک امواج مایکروویو و فرمیک اسید انجام شده است. به منظور افزایش میزان استخراج کورکومین، پارامترهای مختلفی مانند سایز ذره، تاثیر پیش تیمار زردچوبه با آب، شدت تشعشع و نوع حلال بررسی گردید. برای آنالیز میزان کورکومین، از دو روش متفاوت اسپکتروفوتومتری و کروماتوگرافی مایع با عملکرد بالا (HPLC) به ترتیب برای مراحل بهینه­سازی و خالص­سازی استفاده شد. بالاترین غلظت کورکومین زمانی به دست آمد که سایز ذره 21/0 میلی­متر بود و از توان 100 وات و حلال آلی استون برای استخراج استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که آب حلال مناسبی برای پیش تیمار زردچوبه با تشعشع مایکروویو است. برای خالص­سازی کورکومین، حلال آب و متانول به کار گرفته شد. ماکزیمم خلوص کورکومین 4/82% به دست آمد.

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