IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 31, No. 5 (May 2018) 834-840    Article in Press

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S. Kumar Ghosh and S. Mandal
( Received: September 22, 2017 – Accepted in Revised Form: February 06, 2018 )

Abstract    In the present world, energy is indispensable for maintaining the comfort level and living standard of the human. On the other hand, the energy crisis is a major problem in most of the developing countries like Bangladesh. A possible reason is that, the decreasing level of conventional energy sources and the lack of initiatives for introducing the alternative sources of energy. Moreover, the inefficient and illegal way of using energy contributes to the energy crisis. In this study, the present scenario of the electricity generation and its usage in Bangladesh has been investigated. It appears that the increasing amount of battery operated vehicles and their demand for electricity is one of the main reason for energy deficit in the country. The biogas technology as a potential renewable source of energy could be proved as an efficient solution to the energy crisis. For the further studies, a feasibility study is carried out showing that the biogas technology is economically feasible for producing electricity. Moreover, environmental effects, social benefits, and challenges for setting up a biogas plant have been evaluated.


Keywords    Biogas, Electrical Energy, Livestock, Bangladesh, Auto-rickshaw.


چکیده    در جهان امروز، انرژی برای حفظ سطح راحتی و زندگی انسان ضروری است. از سوی دیگر، بحران انرژی یک مشکل عمده در بسیاری از کشورهای در حال توسعه همانند بنگلادش است. دلیل احتمالی این است که کاهش سطح منابع انرژی متعارف و کمبود ابتکارات برای معرفی منابع جایگزین انرژی. علاوه بر این، روش ناکارآمد و غیرقانونی استفاده از انرژی به بحران انرژی کمک می کند. در این مطالعه، سناریوی کنونی تولید برق و استفاده از آن در بنگلادش بررسی شده است. به نظر می رسد که افزایش میزان وسایل نقلیه باطری و تقاضای آنها برای برق یکی از دلایل اصلی کسری بودجه در کشور است. فناوری بیوگاز به عنوان یک منبع انرژی تجدید پذیر .و با پتانسیل میتواند به عنوان یک راه حل کارآمد و مناسبی برای بحران انرژی باشد. برای مطالعات بیشتر، و امکان سنجی انجام شده نشان می دهد که تکنولوژی بیوگاز برای تولید برق به لحاظ اقتصادی امکان پذیر است. علاوه بر این، اثرات زیست محیطی، مزایای اجتماعی و چالش های مربوط به راه اندازی یک واحد بیوگاز مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفته است.


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