IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications - Special Issue - Sustainable Technologies for Water and Environment; Guest Editor Prof. Dr. Ahmad Fauzi Ismail and Associate Guest Editor Dr. Lau Woei Jye, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia
Vol. 31, No. 8 (August 2018) 1347-1355    Article in Press

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Jonathan C. E. Yong
( Received: December 15, 2017 – Accepted: April 18, 2018 )

Abstract    Despite efficient carbon monitoring system and the commercialization of battery technology for intra-port transportation, port management are found not adopting these environmental yet costly equipments. Port authority who regulates environmental policies lacks leverage to impose tangible reduction on emission through concession. This model integrates sustainability into port equipment expansion theory by quantifying viable equipment electrification profile while observing the constraints of operation, cost and environment. A benchmark emission reduction standard (ERS) is surveyed by Delphi method as environmental demand to determine the electrification of port equipments. The results from Port of Tanjung Pelepas case study suggest an ERS implemented lower than 4% reduction a year is viable to retrofit and replace all electric rubber-tired gantries and prime movers. The simulation model allows informed decision for all port agents to establish viable environmental policies for sustainable port operations.


Keywords    Container Handling Equipments, Port Expansion, Electrification, Electric Prime Mover, Electric Rubber-tired Gantry, Carbon Emission, Emission Reduction Standard



علیرغم سیستم مانیتورینگ کربن کارآمد و تجاری سازی تکنولوژی باطری جهت انتقال درگاه داخلی، مدیریت درگاه بدلیل هزینه بالا عموما در تجهیزات محیط زیست مورد استفاده قرار نمی گیرد. مسئولین درگاه که سیاست های محیط زیست را قانون گذاری می کنند از کمبود قدرت نفوذی رنج می برند که کاهش محسوس استانداردها را از طریق امتیازی که دارند بر روی انتشار تحمیل کنند. این مدل، نگهداشت پذیری را با تئوری توسعه تجهیزات درگاه از طریق سنجش پروفایل تجهیزات الکترونیکی موفق ادغام می کند در حالی که همچنان سه مانع شامل اجرا، هزینه و محیط زیست را پیش رو دارد، یک استاندارد کاهش معیار برون ریزی ERS بوسیله روش دلفی مورد نظرسنجی قرارگرفت به عنوان شاخص درخواست های محیط زیستی که الکترونیکی کردن تجهیزات درگاه را شبیه سازی کند. نتایج از درگاه مورد مطالعه تانجونگ پلپاس یک ERS را نشان می دهد که باعث کمتر از 4 درصد کاهش سالانه شد که این امر تایید کننده توانایی کارکردن موفق و تکمیل و جایگزینی تمامی بست های الکترونیکی پلاستیکی خورده شده و جابه جا شونده های اصلی می باشد. این مدل شبیه سازی شده اجازه تصمیم تغییرشکل داده شده برای همه عوامل درگاه را می دهد و سیاست های موفق زیست محیطی را جهت اجرای درگاه پایدار بنیان می گذارد.

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